Sorry States

Apologies in International Politics

By Jennifer Lind 2008

The post-World War II experiences of Japan and Germany suggest that international apologies have powerful healing effects when they are offered, and poisonous effects when withheld. The author demonstrates that denials of past atrocities fuel distrust and inhibit international reconciliation, by examining the cases of South Korean relations with Japan and of French relations with Germany.

For the case study click here.